From Farrukhnagar we headed straight to Jhajjar, a town with a history starting from the time of Gori’s attack in 1191 AD to Prithvi Raj’s reign. As a result of this attack, number of people who fled from villages adjoining Delhi came and settled here in Jhajjer. Chajju Jat plead with Emperor Shabuddin Gori to rehabilitate them but his request was turned down so he laid the foundation of a city called Jhajjar.
During the rule of Delhi Sultanate and Tuglak dynasty a number of canals were dug up in this area and one of the canals bought water from Sutlej to Jhajjar.
After the fall of Mughal there was a turmoil in this area and it changed hands from Rulnudeen to Nawab of Farukh Nagar. He too was defeated by Jats and finally the control of Jhajjer landed in the hands of East -India company. The Nawab of the Jhajjar took part in India’s First War of Independence against the British and that is why this area was neglected by them.
Unfortunately no information is available for the old monuments we saw in Jhajjer.
Jhajjer also boasts of a Gurukul, which was set up in 1916 by Pt Vishambhar Dutt on the outskirts of the town on Jhajjer-Rewari road. The Gurukul has been set up in 80 acres of land comprising of School building, Hostel, Balidan Bhawan, Guest house, Pharmacy, Canteen, Library, Gymnasium, Yagna shalas, a cow shed and an Archaeology department, solely managed by children. Part of the land, about 4 acres is used for cultivation and bulk of the food that is consumed here is grown here too. The Pharmacy produces a number of Ayurvedic medicines such as Chyawanprash etc.
The Gurukul follows the ideals of Arya Samaj and is affiliated to Maharishi Dayanad University, Rohtak. It provides free education from 6th standard to Acharya degree (post graduation) to boys. Although it has no links with Gurukul Kangri, it too lays an equal stress on Guru-bhakti (reverence for the teacher) and the virtues of manliness through exercises, particularly in the akharas.
Once a year in the month of June, a ten day leave is granted to all students to visit their respective homes.
Special efforts are made to prepare an ideal Bramchari (Pupil) and all boys are kept under the Van Parasthi, Sanyasi guru’s guidance, who rules the roost. The day begins at 3.50am, after the morning chores all students have to come down from their hostel room for prayers and breakfast. Thereafter their classes begin and wind up at 2 pm for lunch. After a compulsory half an hour rest, students finish any tasks which are assigned to them. They are also expected to work one hour per day as shram-dan.
For the uninitiated, what is a Gurukul?
A Gurukul is a type of ancient Hindu residential school in which students and the teacher live in close proximity. Here the students are treated as equals, irrespective of their social standing. The students learns from the guru and also help the guru in his day-to-day life, including the carrying out of mundane chores such as washing clothes, cooking, etc. At the end of a shishya’s study, the guru asks for a “guru dakshina,” since a guru does not take fees. A guru dakshina is the final offering from a student to the guru before leaving the ashram. The teacher may ask something or nothing at all.
A place worth visiting if you are arround NCR Delhi.